STATISTICS AND RESEARCH DESIGN I (offered in first semester) This foundational course introduces qualitative and quantitative paradigms, which frame distinctive ways of knowing the world, and create divergent approaches to research. Qualitative methods emphasize how psychological concepts have various meanings across culture and time and include observations and interviews as well as analytical techniques to create meaning from the research. Quantitative methods emphasize how various statistical and experimental orientations to the world form a distinctive perspective for research and assumptions about reality. The course also includes communication of research findings using APA format, consideration of research ethics within both paradigms, and engaging with research reports. Psychology majors are required to achieve a minimum standard of 60% in 2780 in order to continue into the second half of the research foundation course (Psy 2790). Psychology majors are also expected to achieve a minimum overall average of 70% in their four core courses (1010/1020; 2780/2790) in order to be considered for the major.